Reproduction of houseplants: rules and advice
In this article, we will tell you about alternative ways to reproduce indoor plants at home, in addition to the standard and habitual for many transplantation with the help of a torn leaf, which is put in water so that it takes root.
The transplantation is necessary, first of all, to the overgrown plants, which require updating. The best time of the year for flower transplantation is considered by the florists to be spring - early summer. So, we present to your attention 5 ways to reproduce indoor flowers.
The first option is best suited for stem cuttings and leaves. Because it is possible to use it all year round. For the transplant, you need to choose the most healthy, non-flowering shoot (no longer than 7 cm), cut it with a sharp blade or knife, following the rule: the stem needs to be cut below the leaf node, and the single leaf - strictly across. You can safely place a cut shoot in a new soil.
For the most successful transplantation, plant several cuttings at once, some kind of yes, it will surely come to life! Almost all new shoots require high humidity. To meet this need, cover the pot with a plastic bag or film. Such a pot must be protected from direct sunlight and temperatures below + 18 ° C.
The next method is for people who have a lot of free time. It is necessary to choose again the strongest shoot on the main stem of the plant and press it tightly to the ground with a wire or a hairpin. The layers take root long enough. To speed up this process, you can make a small incision at the point where the stalk touches the soil. It will be possible to separate a new plant only after its complete rooting.
The third method is used only in the presence of "offspring" - lateral shoots, which often develop from the main plant. They must be carefully cut off from the main stem and transplanted into a new pot.
Next - the method of transplantation for plants that have antennae. If a plant with a mustache already has roots, then you can safely cut off your mustache and make a transfer. If the whiskers of the plant have not yet taken root, then the plant should be sprinkled with earth and wait for rooting, and only then cut off the mustache and transplant it into a new pot.
The next method of transplanting indoor plants is designed for cluster and rosette flowers. To do this, it is necessary to remove completely the whole plant from the pot, scrape the ground off the roots and gently separate the stem at the junction or cut with a knife. It is impossible to allow a rupture of the stem, tk. this will lead to a violation of the tissues of the plant and its early death.
For avid gardeners there are even more complex methods of transplanting indoor plants. But it should be remembered that such methods do not fit all plants and depend on its characteristics. So, it is possible to transplant a plant, cutting an old stem without leaves into "sausages" and in any position to plant in the ground. It is important to make sure that each such piece has a knot. This method is best suited for diffenbachia or dracaena.
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Remember that recently transplanted plants require special care and attention. Do not allow drafts in the room where there is a new pot. Watering the plant should be very carefully, while avoiding the excess water in the pan and over-dried soil. Also, protect the plant from direct sunlight and low temperature. Few people pay attention to the humidity of the air. But just this is one of the main factors of rapid plant survival in a new pot. As it was already specified earlier, new shoots require high humidity, which can be easily provided by covering the pot with the plant with a plastic bag, thus creating an artificial greenhouse.